Earn and Learn Scheme (1 Learn and earn scheme)
is a scheme implemented since 2013-14 for skill development of minorities. The scheme aims at upgrading the skills of minority youth in various modern/traditional skills depending upon their qualification, present economic trends and market potential, which can earn them suitable employment or make them suitably skilled to go for self-employment. The scheme is implemented through selected expert Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs).The scheme ensures placements of minimum 75% trainees, out of which at least 50% placement is in organized sectoSpread the love to Share in Social Media.
The cost norms for various components of the skills
training programme for traditional trades are as below:
Cost to Organization will be given @ Rs. 10000/- per trainee
per month for Non-residential program and Rs. 13000/- per
trainee per month for Residential program which includes
as follows: (the organization/institutes will submit calculations
on the basis of duration of program (includes SHG formation,
training, fund raising, establishing backward and forward
linkages and hiring of management team in months)
(i) Boarding/Lodging of outstation beneficiary (for
whom the organization arranges the residential
facility) for three months @ Rs.1500 per month.
The beneficiary will also be entitled for monthly
stipend @ Rs.750 p.m.
(ii) Monthly stipend for local Non-residential trainees
would be Rs.1500 per month.
(iii) Rs. 2000/- per trainee for procurement of raw
material etc. as a one time cost.
(iv) Monthly remuneration to faculty/supporting staff
(v) Other Training Costs.
(vi) Testing and certification fees.
INTRODUCTION of Seekho aur Kamao Scheme (1 Earn and learn scheme)
1.1 According to latest Report of National Sample Survey Organization –
61st Round (2004-05) published in March 2007, self employment in the
Rural areas– in agriculture as well as non agriculture – was the main
statue for the Religious Groups. In 2004-05, 26% of Muslims and
35% of Christians depended on “self employment in agriculture”,
whereas in “self employment in non-agriculture sector”, 28% of
Muslims and 15% of Christians were involved.
1.2 In Urban India, during 2004-05, proportion of Muslims households
depending on “self employment”, “regular wage/salary” and “casual
labour” were 49%, 30% and 14% respectively, whereas for the
Christian it was 27%, 47% and 11% respectively.
1.3 In Rural areas, the Workers Population Ration (WPR) among the males
of all ages in 2004-05 was the highest among Christians (56%)
followed by Hindus (55%) and then Muslims were the lowest (50%).
Similarly WPR for Females for Christians (36%) and Hindus (34%) was
much higher than that for Muslims (18%).
1.4 In Rural India, the unemployment rate was higher in Christians (44%)
followed by Muslims (23%) and Hindus (15%). Similarly in Urban
India the unemployment rate was highest among Christians (86%)
followed by Hindus (44%) and Muslims (41%).
4Seekho aur Kamao Scheme (1 Learn and earn scheme)
1.5 According to reports of Directorate General of Employment and
Training (DGE&T), a majority of India workforce does not possess
marketable skills which is an impediment in getting decent
employment and improving their economic condition.
1.6 While India has large young population, only 10% of the Indian labour
forces – 8% informally and 2% formally have acquired vocational
skills. About 63% of the school students drop out at different stages
reaching class- X. Only about 3.1 million vocational training seats are
available in the country whereas about 12.8 million persons enter the
labour market every year. Even out of these training places, very few
are available for early school dropouts. This signifies that a large
number of school drop outs do not have access to skill development
for improving their employability at one side and availability of 12.8
million jobs at the other side. As per estimates of 2011, in India there
is a skill gap of about 244 million across 21 key sectors.
1.7 According to Sachar Committee Recommendations, the country is
going through a high growth phase. This is a time to help the
underprivileged to utilize new opportunity through Skill development
and education. A large segment of the Muslim community is engaged
in self-employment activities. Besides, a significant proportion,
especially women, is actually engaged in home- based work. While
some of these workers are engaged in sectors that have experienced
growth, many are engaged in occupations/ sectors that are stagnant.
The policy intervention needs to help workers engaged in growthoriented sectors to become part of the larger network of market
oriented firms engaged in that sector. For those caught in the stagnant
sectors, a transition path will have to be evolved. Skill upgradation,
5Seekho aur Kamao Scheme (1 Learn and earn scheme)
education and credit availability, will have an important role in both
1.8 National Skill Development Policy envisages that the skills and
knowledge are the driving forces of economic growth and social
development for any country. Countries with higher and better levels
of skills adjust more effectively to the challenges and opportunities.
1.9 India is in transition to a knowledge based economy and its
competitive edge will be determined by the abilities of its people to
create, share and use knowledge more effectively. This transition will
require India to develop workers into knowledge workers who will be
more flexible, analytical, adaptable and multi skilled.
1.10 India has the advantage of “demographic dividend. Harnessing the
demographic dividend through appropriate skill development efforts
would provide an opportunity to achieve inclusion and productivity
within the country and also a reduction in the global skill shortages.
Large scale skill development is thus an imminent imperative.
Keeping in view the above mentioned points and the recommendations of
the Working Group on “Empowerment of Minorities” for 12th Five Year Plan,
Ministry of Minority Affairs proposes “lh[kks vk Sj dekvks (Learn and Earn)”, a new
100% Central Sector Scheme for “Skill Development of Minorities” to be
implemented from the financial year 2013-14 onwards. The guidelines under
the scheme are as follows:
OBJECTIVES of Earn and Learn Scheme (1 Learn and earn scheme)
2.1 To bring down unemployment rate of minorities during 12th Plan period.
6)Seekho aur Kamao Scheme (1 Learn and earn scheme)
2.2 To conserve and update traditional skills of minorities and establish
their linkages with market.
2.3 To improve employability of existing workers, school dropouts etc. and
ensure their placement.
2.4 To generate means of better livelihood for marginalized minorities and
bring them in the mainstream.
2.5 To enable minorities to avail opportunities in the growing market.
2.6 To develop potential human resource for the country.
SCOPE OF THE SCHEME of Seekho aur Kamao Scheme (1 Learn and earn scheme)
3.1 The scheme will aim at upgrading the skills of the minority youths in
various modern/traditional vocations depending upon their educational
qualification, present economic trends and the market potential, which
can earn them a suitable employment or make them suitably skilled to
go for self employment.
3.2 Ministry of Minority Affairs will take up skill development programme for
Modular Employable Skills (MES) which are approved by National
Council of Vocational Training (NCVT). The MES courses approved by
NCVT include majority of traditional skills being practiced by the
minority communities e.g. Embroidery, Chikankari, Zardosi, Patch work,
Gem and Jewelry, Weaving, Wooden works, Leather goods, Brass metal
works, Glass wares, Carpet etc. Moreover, other courses approved by
NCVT may also be taken up in a particular State or region depending on
the demand and local market potential. This would help, on one hand to
conserve the traditional arts and crafts practiced by minorities and on
the other hand empower the minority communities to face the market
challenges and avail opportunities.
ELIGIBILITY of Seekho aur Kamao
4.1 The scheme will be implemented following Project Implementing
Agencies (PIAs) through:
a) Societies of the State Governments/UT Administrations registered
under Societies Registration Act. The Societies may be constituted at
State/UT level or District level depending upon the size of the
State/UT. The Societies will be responsible for identification of the
employment potential in their respective State/UT and the training
institution, sponsoring minority candidates, monitoring their training
and their placement.
b) Any private recognized/registered professional institution of repute
conducting such skill development courses for at least last three
years with established market linkages and placement record.
c) Any industry or an association of industries like ASSOCHAM, CII,
FICCI etc.who are willing to run such skill up-gradation training
centres as per financial norms of the scheme with a proper plan of
d) Any institution of Central/State Governments including Public Sector
Undertakings and Training institutes of Central/ State Governments
including Panchayati Raj Training institutions.
e) Civil Societies (CS)/Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) which
fulfill the following requirements:
(i). Any registered CS/NGO engaged in conduct and promotion
of social welfare of communities, particularly minorities.
(ii). The organization should have been registered for at least
last three years.
(iii). Experience of at least three years in the field of skill
8Seekho aur Kamao
(iv). Financial viability of the organization and ability to continue
the work for limited periods in absence of assistance from
(v). Good reputation and credentials.
(vi). Capacity to mobilize minority community, particularly
(vii). Networking with other institutions for optimum utilization
of resources allocated and assets created.
f) Black listed or debarred organizations by any Central/State
Ministry/Department will not be eligible.
4.2 Eligible Trainees/beneficiaries
a. The trainee should belong to minority community.
b. The trainee should be between 14-35 years of age.
c. The minimum qualification of trainee should be at least Class V.
d. In case reserved categories as prescribed under this scheme
remain vacant, these vacant seats may be treated as
5.1 The scheme will be implemented for the benefit of the 5 (five) notified
minority communities under National Commission for Minorities Act
1992 (viz. Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis). However,
in the States/UTs where some other minority communities notified by
respective State/UT Governments exist, they may also be considered
for the programme but they will not occupy more than 5% of the total
5.2 The scheme can be taken up anywhere in the country but preference
will be given to organizations which aim at developing traditional skills
of minorities with ensured market linkages and propose the
programme for identified minority concentration districts /
blocks /towns/ cluster of villages and the North-Eastern
region. Under the scheme, priority will also be given to promote the
traditional skills including arts and crafts practiced by minority
communities and establish their linkages with the national and global
market. However, the training for various modern trades having
employment potential in the region shall also be encouraged.
5.3 It will be imperative on the part of the implementing organization to
assess the employment potential in a particular area in advance
depending on the educational qualification of the target population,
present economic trend and market potential before proposing the
5.4 The Project Implementation Agency (PIA) may consider activation of
mechanisms in conjunction with Industry for “Job fairs” and “Job
counseling” in order to spread awareness, create choice and ensure
that the poor and vulnerable are adequately catered to in the skilling
5.5 The implementing organizations will be required to establish linkages
with institutions recognized by NCVT which can provide a
Certificate/Diploma to the candidates for the trades in which they have
been trained. The module of the training should be approved by NCVT/
DG (ET) / National Skill Development Corporation.
5.6 The implementing organization shall also establish linkages with
placement services, and for the candidates interested in self
employment after availing the training, the organization shall arrange
easy micro finance/loans for them through financial institutions,
10Seekho aur Kamao
National Minority Development Finance Corporation (NMDFC), banks,
5.7 Minimum 33% seats will be reserved for minority girl/ women
5.8 Priority will be given to organizations who would guarantee 75%
overall placement percentage and out of that at least 50% placement
should be in organized sector.
5.9 The scheme would have two components:
(a) Placement linked skills training program for Modern Trades.
(b) Skills Training Program for Traditional Trades/Crafts/Art Forms.
(a) Placement linked Skills Training Programme for Modern trades:
(i) The training programmes are to be of minimum 3 months
(ii) The training programme must include soft skills training, basic IT
training and basic English training.
(iii) The focus of this programme is that the training should result in
gainful and sustainable employment for the youth.
(iv) Each participant will undergo a training based on his/her
aptitude and capability to be selected from the options of Sector
specific Vocational Skills Program available under this
(v) The skills training must focus on industry readiness and must be
compliant with MES guidelines.
(vi) The skills training for modern skills must result in minimum of
75% placement and out of that at least 50% placement should
be in organized sector.
(b) Skills Training Programme for Traditional Trades:
(I) The Skill Training Programmme would have to be supported by the
following activities to ensure that the desired employability
outcomes are achieved amongst the trainees.
i. Identification and Collectivization of the youth involved in
traditional trades into Self Help Groups (SHGs)/ Producer
companies. The SHG would have an average of 20 members.
ii. Provision of skills training to youth to enhance their skills
levels (domain training, entrepreneurial training, soft skills, IT
Training, English Language training) that would enable the
SHG develop a market oriented production model.
iii. Provide forward (customer access) and backward linkages
(vendor access). These should be clearly established through
a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) arrangement.
iv. Assist in development of business plan proposal for
submission to various financial institutions including National
Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC).
Raise funds for the SHG through these efforts.
v. Assist in hiring of management team for the SHG/ producer
(II) The programmes are to be of minimum 2 months duration and a
maximum of 1 year depending upon the selected trade.
(III) The focus of this programme is that the activities should result in
creation of an SHG of skilled youth with access to funds for
establishment and operation thereby ensuring income enhancement
for the youth.
(IV) The skills training must focus on industry readiness and must be
compliant with Modular Employable Skills guidelines.
5.10 The trainees will be linked with Aadhaar/UID Number, if available or
any other Government recognized identification number.
5.11 The organization shall ensure the residential facilities for the outstation
trainees (separate for male and female trainees) enrolled in the
institute. The training institutes will be meant for trainees belonging to
minority communities. However, to promote inter-community
solidarity, 15% candidates belonging to BPL families of non-minority
communities may also be considered. In addition, 2.5% will also be
reserved for disabled persons belonging to minority communities.
5.12 The organization should have sufficient number of class rooms,
demonstration facilities, toilets (with separate toilets for females) and
infrastructure etc. for conducting quality training.
PATTERN OF FUNDING
(a) This is a 100% Central Sector Scheme and will be implemented
by the Ministry directly through empanelled eligible
(b) Full cost of the approved projects as per prescribed financial
norms would be borne by the Ministry.
(c) An incentive amount of 5% of the project cost will be payable to
PIA‟s who successfully complete the project in time with all
conditions met including placements of
Seekho aur Kamao Scheme (1 Learn and earn scheme)
- Release of Funds
(i) On approval of a project, the funds will be released in 3
installments i.e. 40:40:20+Incentive (if applicable). Funds
towards release will be disbursed directly to the PIAs by
electronic transfer in the account of the PIA.
(ii) Installment pattern for fund release will be as follows:
- Ist Installment:
The first instalment (i.e. 40% of the project cost) will be
released after the approval of the project and the entering
into of an Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between
- IInd Installment:
The 2nd installment of 40% of project cost will be released
subject to the compliance with the following:
a. Utilization of 60% of the 1st instalment
supported by an audited utilization certificate
and weekly off site (i.e. online) and monthly
on-site inspection of PIA accounts by the
Technical Support Agency. This checking is to
ensure that weekly and monthly targets are
b. Submission of year-wise audit reports for the
preceding years of the project as soon as due.
- IIIrd Installment (Final installment)
The 3rd installment of 20%+ Incentive (if applicable)
of project cost will be released upon:
a. The project completion report as prescribed by
b. The audited utilization certificate is submitted.
c. Deliverables as required in the projects are
met and is verified by the Technical Support
Agency through random physical verification of
MIS data both physical and financial.
d. Details of placement done in prescribed
e. Details of trained candidates self employed in
- PROCEDURE FOR APPLICATION
8.1 Ministry of Minority Affairs will invite Expression of Interest (EoI) for
empanelment through an advertisement in newspapers and official
website of the Ministry from organizations/institutions.
8.2 The EoIs will be examined by a Screening Committee of the Ministry
for empanelment. The empanelment would be valid for entire 12th Plan
Period. However, Ministry reserves the right to cancel empanelment at
any stage without notice.
8.3 Ministry may empanel organizations every financial year as per
8.4 The Ministry may verify the credentials of the organizations through
Technical Support Agency.
8.5 The proposals of empanelled organizations will be considered by the
following Sanctioning Committee:
1 Concerned Joint Secretary in the Ministry Chairperson
2 Representative of Planning Commission Member
3 Representative of Ministry of Labour &
4 Representative of JS & FA Member
5 Director (MsDP) in the Ministry Member
6 Director (concerned with the scheme) Member
8.4 The proposals recommended by the Sanctioning Committee will be
approved by the Secretary (Minority Affairs).
8.6 In addition to above, the Ministry may also follow an alternative route
to give a fillip to employment opportunities for minorities. Ministry may
enter in MoU with industries or industrial associations for conducting
training courses and 100% placements of trained minority candidates.
- Duration of the Project and its components
i. The total duration of projects under „Seekho aur Kamao‟ programme
would be coterminous with 12th Five Year Plan.
ii. The duration of each training programme for modern skills shall be
of minimum 3 months duration depending on the Skill Set including
Technical Skills, Soft Skills and Life Skills.
iii. The duration of each programme for traditional skills shall be up to
a maximum of 1 year duration depending on the trade. The program
would include formation of SHGs/ Producer Companies.
- Placement and Post Placement Support
As the focus of this programme is to provide meaningful employment,
following are some general placement conditions which must be met
(i) Placement assistance and counselling should be offered to all
candidates and placement must be ensured for a minimum of 75%
candidates and at least 50% in organized sector.
(ii) Placement as far as possible should be made with minimum
(iii) The aim of providing Post Placement Support (PPS) is to help the
candidates in settling down and taking care of their needs in the
starting months of employment.
(iv) The distribution of PPS is one of the key responsibilities of the PIA.
(v) Preferably, placement should be in organized sector with
associated benefits like PF, ESI etc.
(vi) But as some sectors like construction are not very organized but
payments mostly exceed the organized sector; hence informal
sector jobs would be considered subject to the following
(a) A particular job recognizes skills acquired by the
(b) Offers a valid future progression.
(vii) The placement in the informal sector should be considered only if
the following conditions are met:
(a) A offer letter assuring the minimum wages of the
(b) Certificate from the employer that wages have been
paid as per the minimum wages.
(c) The jobs should not be purely temporary and must
(viii) The candidate would be treated as placed if he/she continues to be
in job for at least 3 continuous months after training. One of the
following documents would be treated as proof of placement:
- Salary slips issued by employer.
- Account statement of bank account of candidate with
credits of salary.
- Letter with name of candidate and salary details.
(ix) PIA has to ensure Post placement tracking and monitoring the
extent of retention in the new jobs for a period of one year.
- Management Information System (MIS)
(a) The management of the quality of the programme requires
information to be constantly assessed and built upon. This can be
ensured only through regular tracking and follow up. Thus
maintenance of MIS as per formats and standards prescribed by
the Ministry will have to be done by the PIAs.
(b) Use of ICT platform for hosting and delivering variety of project
services like financial management system (FMS), decision support
systems (DSS) for the project. Implementation agencies will have
to maintain participant specific information and meet all applicable
reporting requirements. The regularity and quality of entry of
information may prescribed by the Ministry or the appointed TSA.
(c) The PIA would maintain tracking data for one year after completion
of training and would maintain the same on real – time web based
system to monitor the progress of trainees.
- Knowledge Partner / Technical Support Agency (TSA),
Supervision and Quality Management
12.1 The Ministry will not only make the implementing agencies accountable
for the components listed under appraisal, but will also position
systems and checks to ensure that what actually is happening on the
ground is effectively and consistently supervised. For this purpose, the
Ministry will engage a specialized agency in the field of skill
development programmes as “Knowledge Partner or Technical
Support Agency (TSA)” following due procedure prescribed under
General Financial Rules right from the time of launch of the scheme.
12.2 The TSA will assist the Ministry of Minority Affairs in devising area
specific strategies, designing of project format, training, developing
performance indicators and monitoring of implementation of
12.3 TSA would develop suitable protocols for the supervision of the
(a) Ensuring that PIA‟s adopt appropriate mobilising
strategies as well as candidate selection and counselling.
(b) Ensuring compliance with certification and accreditation
(c) Presence of minimum training infrastructure and requisite
human resource at the PIA‟ s skill training centres, before
allowing project to commence.
(d) Updation of required MIS entries, at pre-determined time
(e) PIA‟s adherence to transparency requirements, as
prescribed by the Ministry from time to time.
(f) Maintenance of training centres, as per the norms
prescribed from time to time.
(g) Ensuring quality of training imparted and participation of
(h) Fund releases.
(i) Grievance redress arrangements for PIAs, trainers,
candidates and employers.
(j) Regular review of the projects.
12.4 The TSA or any of its sister organization/franchise would not be
eligible for empanelment with the Ministry for project implementation.
12.5 The Ministry would evolve an institutional mechanism for supervision;
all PIAs would have to adhere to the norms of this mechanism.
12.6 About 3% of the annual budget may be allowed to be used for
engagement of TSA and management of the scheme.
- Project Monitoring
(i) Monitoring is a continuous measurement of progress while the
project is on-going which involves checking and measuring progress,
analysing the situation and reacting to new events, opportunities,
and issues. Ministry may authorize TSA or any other agency to
conduct concurrent monitoring and random checking of physical and
financial reports on the MIS. Ministry‟s officials may also monitor the
projects. The Information gathered from this will be fed into the
decision making process for release of funds and sanctions of project
(ii) Monitoring may entail random visits to training centres and validate:
(a) The presence of minimum infrastructure supposed to be
present as per due requirements.
(b) MIS entries of conducting door to door household
surveys/test calls to certify the veracity of beneficiaries.
(c) Validate facts about training, placement and retention of
those candidates from the residing area who were trained
under the project and placed outside the Panchayat, by
meeting members of the beneficiary‟s family.
(i) The Ministry retains the right to carry out audit of the accounts of
the project, if deemed necessary, including audit by the CAG and by
the Principal Account officer of the Ministry or by independent
agency. The PIA shall make available all relevant records for the
purpose whenever requested by an agency authorized by the
(ii) Financial audit is to be carried out by the Chartered Accountant of
PIA as per the statutory provisions, and the accounts of the project
shall be maintained separately in order to facilitate meaningful audit.
(iii) The Audit Report together with action taken on the auditor‟s
observations and physical progress under the project shall be
furnished at the time of release of 2nd / 3rd instalment of Central
- Project Completion
(i) The completion report of the project should be made available by
the PIA to the Ministry along with audited utilization certificate and
audit reports of 2
nd instalment before the release of the 3
(ii) Documentation (including videos, audio and photographs) is an
integral part of the project along with video recording giving the
status of beneficiaries before and after the project. It should cover
the details of deliverables as indicated in the project and
achievements made against these deliverables.
- TERMS AND CONDITIONS
16.1 The implementing organizations shall be bound by the terms and
conditions of the scheme as at Appendix.
- Mid-Term Appraisal
The scheme will be subjected to mid-term appraisal after 3 (three)
years and review in last year of the 12th Plan period after getting
evaluation and impact assessment done by a reputed independent