Types of Fabric

Unit Objectives

At the end of this unit, you will be alto 3g the offers

 Types of Fabric

Corduroy   Acetate
Denim              Nylon
Flannel              Polar Fleece
Hemp        Polyster
Leather   Rayon
Linen  Spandex

Fabric Commonly used for Garment Sewing


Silk is a natural protein fibre. it is a delicate fabric and is very light weight and due to these features it has a free flowing and smooth dipe R ghly shimmery appearance it is a difficult fabric to work with as its very slippery, its elasticity is very moderate to poor Apparels made of silk have to be Dry cleaned


Velvet is a type of woven tufted fabric Good quality velvet is made of cotton or polyester. The most expensive velvet is made of silk and sold today as Silk Velvet Velvet has a smooth soft and rich touch and often used in evening wear and also extensively used for upholstery Apparels made of velvet have to be Dry cleaned


Chiffon is a sheer fabric with a free flowing drape and crepe like structure Ouffon is usually made of silk or polyester. It is very light and the and these features make it a very challenging material to sew Chiffon in a popular fabric for summer garments because of its light weight


Satin has a sleek and glossy finish. It is made of silk cotton and wool. It is well draping and is popularly used in dresses, bridal wear and bedding Thicker wool satin is used for coats. It also makes a great lining fabric Its slippery nature makes it very difficult to work with.


Corduroy is normally made from Cotton It is very similar to Velvet it is a thick fabric which is very warm and durable it is normally used in making coats trousers and winter wear Corduroys are machine washable.


Linen is very popular in summers because it releases and absorbs perspiration easily, It is very soft, cool and comfortable Linen wrinkles very easily and has to be ironed on high temperature to remove the creases. It has very little elasticity. Linen is most popularly used in household goods such as bedding, towels and table clothes.


Denim is made from tightly woven cotton it is a very heavy weight  fabric with very little drape or stretch Denim is very durable and that  is why most commonly used in jeans it is machine washable.


It is a synthetic fabric It is strong and durable but does not absorb heat, so it is not a very popular fabric for hot temperatures. It does not wrinkle and dries very easily.


Rayon is a manufactured fibre made of cellulose Like polyester Rayon is also strong and durable but it wrinkles very easily. It is very soft and comfortable and drapes very well. Hand washing best for washable rayon garments.


flannel annel is made from wool, cotton or synthetic fibre It is a soft and light weight fabric Flannel maybe brushed to create extra softness. It is popularly used for shirts, pants and jackets suitable for  colder temperatures


It is made of ether or polyester it is a delicate and sheer fabric and very popularly  used in evening wear and bridal apparel. The delicate nature of the fabric makes it very difficult to sew


Wool is made from variety of animal coats. There are around 200 different types of wool. It absorbs and releases moisture quickly and is a very popular fabric used for cold weather garments It is hardwearing and resists wear and tear


Most commonly made of animal hide. Leather is very durable and absorbs and releases heat quickly so it a very popularly used in winters for jackets and skirts. It is also used in upholstery Most leather garments require special care in storing and cleaning

Trims and Accessories

Unit Objectives

At the end of this unit, you will be able to

Trims and Accessories

Trim and accessories are considered as an important part of any garment. Apart from enhancing the look of the garment it also increases the usability of the garment

Sewing Thread

The enged has the garment together It is  a specially designed yarn  which passes  through a sewing machine easily and makes the sewing process smother and easier.


it is fabric which is placed under the main fabric It is used to enhance the look and retain the shape of the garment Lining should be chosen carefully as it can influence the colour of the garment if it is different from of  the colour of the main fabric.

Lace: Is a delicate fabric which is made either of thread or yarn. It is used for ornamental purpose


Button is a fastener was used to temperanty secure two pieces of fabric together it is an accessory which is commonly used in garments, it can be used for both functional and decorative purpose


It is used in every garment. More than one label can be found  in every garment and each label provides afferent required  information Size label, Main label (Name of the company), Price  tag label, Composition label Fabric Care label etc are some of the  labels you can find on garments


Zipper is also a fastener and is used to temporarily join two ends of a fabric together it is mainly used in clothing and bags


A band which is capable of resuming original shape after stretching or compression. This property of elastic makes its useable in various kinds of garments

Draw string

It is a long rope with a stopper and is used to tighten a part of a garment. Draw string is also used in bags and pouches

Hook and eye

It is also a fastener One part of it works like a hook which is placed into the eye which is like a loop Both the parts are made of metal and is used to close the waist of skirts and pants


It is a metal part with pin which is  used for decorative purpose usually in denims and canvas pants.


it is used to stabilise seams, outline components and absorb the wear and abrasion to the seam

Rib Trims

it is used in colour and cuff of tshirt and polo shirt

Adjustable waist band

It is an elastic band with holes and uses a button to tighten or loosen the waist of a garment.


These are embroidered on to the formal wear as motifs or spread over as individual pieces on the garment

Industry Visit: The purpose of visiting a tailor shop/boutique is to get hands on knowledge about various processes involved in the work of a tailor During the visit you have to interact with Tailors and owner of the shop to understand how work is done in a tailor shop/boutique Make sure that you keep a notebook handy and note down any important points that come up during your interaction at the tailor shop/boutique When you go to an tailor shop/boutique,you should:

Know and recognize the different types of fabric.

Know about the commonly used fabrics for garment sewing.

Understand the importance and use of trims and accessories.

 Ask questions to Tailors/shop owners if you have any query.