Basic List Of Material and tools Required for Stitching

There are are various processes a tailor while stitching a garment.There are various tools which aid each of these processes. Types of tools are as:

1.Measuring tools 

2. Cutting tools

3. Marking or drafting tools

4. Hand tools

Scissors: Scissor are utilized  for cutting the fabric and has a handle which is aligned with the blade which helps you do the cutting steadily by keeping the scissors even.

Rotary cutter: The rotary cutter is something which has a blade to cut easily and smoothly through fabric. It’s very efficient to be used to all different kind of projects, however it is especially good for quilting. All you require is a rubber cutting mat and a rotary ruler so that when you are using a rotary-cutter the surface of the fig can be prevented from getting cut. Also, keeping a mat helps in cutting a fabric in straight.

Thread: Various sort of threads are available, they are available in rainbow  colors, including clear ones. For most of the sewing machines all you need is a need a spool of thread. The cone shaped threads are also used however they are for different kind of machine called a serger.

Measuring tape: Measuring tape used for sewing to make it softer than that used for construction projects so that it can be used to fit clothing to the body.

Needles: A  Sewing  machine requires diverse needles than which are used for hand – sewing. Machine needles have a bigger, blunter tip where they fit into the machine. Various  types of needles are used on various kind of projects. 

Fabric: As different projects have different types of needle or thread requirements similarly as per the requirement different types of fabrics are also needed with different project for sewing 

Pins: Pins are used to hold fabric together where it’s supposed to be sewn and ted as per the required fitting during alterations.

Pincushions: Pincushions are very useful in keeping the pins in order and in place, it is usually in  apple’s pumpkin’s or tomato’s shape .

Iron and Ironing Board: An iron is used to press fabric seams open and make darts Your everyday iron is fine

Seam ripper: The name says it all it’s used to rip seams Especially comes in handy when you’re a beginning sewer.

Pinking Shears: cuts a zigzag edge and is used for finishing hem edges, seams, etc. It should not be used for cutting out a garment b’coz it will not give an accurate cut line of the fabric.

Cutting Fig: A flat board placed on a fig where the fabric is laid out and cut. The fabric can be pinned securely to the cutting board to prevent it from slipping.

Sewing Gauge: A 6 inch gauge with a movable indicator convenient for measuring short lengths.

Hem Gauge: a measuring device marked with various depths and hemline folds. It is practical when hemming straight on grain edges.

Yardstick/Meter Stick : is use to measure fabric and to check grain line. It can ng straight lines and in             measuring hem lengths.

Hip Curve: The Hip Curve is used in connecting or shaping sk curve points. It has a measure of inches at the front and at the back part.

L- square: It is useful in constructing perpendicular lines with longer and shorter arms.

Tailor’s Chalk: A thin piece of hard chalk used in tailoring for making temporary alteration marks on clothing.

Novelty Yarns: Novelty yarns include a wide variety of yarns made with unusual features, structure or fiber composition such as sluts inclusions, metallic or synthetic fibers, laddering and varying thickness introduced during production

Masking tape: Also known as sticky tape is a type of pressure- sensitive tape made of a thin and easy-to-tear paper,and an easily released pressure-sensitive adhesive. It is available in a variety of  widths It is used mainly in painting, to mask off areas that should not  be painted.

French Curve: A French curve is a template usually made from metal wood or plastic composed of many different curves it is used in manual drafting to draw smooth curves of varying radii The shapes are segments of the Euler spiral or clothoid curve

Hand Needle: Hand sewing needles are available in varying sizes with varying  points. They guide the thread through fabric when you are hand sewing.

Punch Needle:  A Punch needle is an easy to use tool that opens up a delightful world of dimensional needle art. It quickly and easily produces one-level or exciting three dimensional designs

Frame, round: Used for creating designs through hand stitch

Pattern making paper: Used for practising cutting and creating patterns.

Tracing paper: Tracing paper is paper made to have low opacity  used for creating designs .

Handheld thread trimmer: Used for thread trimming

Bent neck, metallic Tweezer: Tweezers are small tools used for  picking up objects too small to be easily handled with the human hands 

Pencils (HB, 28, 48): The graphite grading scales used to measure the hardness of apencil’s graphite core: The higher the number the harder the writing core and the lighter the mark left on the paper

Pick glass: Handy Reed Pick glass helps in checking the reed pick of  the fabric. It also helps in checking the weaving, dyeing & printing defects in the fabric if any is made

Needle threader: A needle threader is a device for helping to put thread through the eye of a needle Many kinds eat, though a common type combines a short length of fine wire bent into a diamond shape, with one comer held by a piece of tinplate or plastic

Nonwoven Non-fusible Backing Paper: It is made of man made fibers bonded together to form a paper-like sheet. SFig  nonwovens (no stretch) are best for medium to heavyweight fabrics with a slight to very crisp hand. Nonwovens with a crosswise or all-direction stretch can be used for soft to moderate  shaping Fusibles today are fast, secure and easy to use

                         Hand embroidery book: Used for learning hand embroidery.

Fabric Glue: It provide temporary or permanent ways to attach fabric without sewing.

Surface ornamentation material (Beads, Sequins): Decorative material used for decoration of clothes,

Buttons: are attached to garment by hand stitching or machine stitching

Hooks: are attached to garment with the help of needle and thread

Trims: Trim or trimming in clothing and home decorating is applied ornament, such as gimp, ribbon, ruffles

Lace: A fine open fabric of cotton or silk, made by looping, twisting, or knitting thread in patterns and used especially for trimming garments.

                                              Zipper: Attached in lower garments

Pant hooks: Attached in lower garments.

Sewing Mannequin:  it is a Type of a doll used by tailors or tailors to display or fit clothing

Greyscale. It is used for maching colors in the sewed garment against the specification

Thimble. It is a small hard cup warn for protection on the finger that pushes the needle in sewing

Understanding Tailoring Terms

LINING: An extra cloth attached under the main garment is known as lining Used mainly under transparent materials, lining gives the garment extra strength as well as finishing

 INTER LINING: An extra layer put in between the main garment and the lining is known as inter lining

 SEAM ALLOWANCE: The margin kept for stitching the garment is known as seam allowance. This means

that after drafting the neck, armhole, want and chest, about 4cm margin is kept and then another line drawn which is the stitching guide this is known as the seam allowance 

SELVEDGE: The finished edge of the cloth which is a self-finished edge at the time of weaving is known as


PANELS: Strips of cloth joined in a garment for fashion or to increase the width are known as panels

SEAM: Seams are the basis of a garment it is used to attach two pieces of cloth. After cutting the various parts of the garment from a piece of cloth it is these seams either sewn by hand or with the help of a machine which give those various pieces of cloth the shape of a garment

DART: Without spoiling the shape of the garment, and in order to give a perfect fit, a small amount of cloth

is folded and stitched with a single strand till the other end This process is called putting a dart it is used at

various places on the garment like bust dart, waist dart etc. to give fitting or fullness to shape

PLEATS: A fold taken from the inside of a garment and held in place by a stitch is known as a pleat. These are of many types like straight pleats, inverted pleats etc. These are used either as a design element or to provide fullness or fitting.
TUCKS: Folding the cloth a little from the right side and stitching in a straight line is known as putting a tuck This is also used to enhance the beauty of the garment or to provide a better fit. If these stitched lines appear of the thickness of a pin then they are known as pin tucks.