Rita Charitable Trust

Compositor (1 years diploma)

compositor click here

Brief Job Description: Individuals at this job need to merge the various
layers/elements created during post-production into a final product


Personal Attributes: This job requires the individual to have a good
understanding of the process of filmmaking and the principles of animation and
visual effects. The individual must also know the theory and principles of light,
shadows, exposure and colour space.

Compositor (1 years diploma)
Compositor (1 years diploma)

The individual must have a good working
knowledge of compositing software such as Nuke, Fusion, Combustion, After
Effects, Flame, Inferno and Shake.

Description
Budget Budget is an estimate of the total cost of production that may include a
break-up of cost components
Colour grading Colour grading is the process of modifying/enhancing the colour of
productions
Compositing Compositing is the process of combining layers of images/elements into a
single frame


Computer-generated
effects
Computer-generated effects is the process of creating illusionary images
for use in productions
Creative Brief Creative brief is a document that captures the key questions that serve as
a guide for the production including the vision, objective of the project,
target audience, timelines, budgets, milestones, stakeholders etc.
Digital Intermediate Digital Intermediate is the process of altering the colour characteristics of
a digital version of the production


Editing Editing is the process of organizing, cutting and putting together audio,
visual footage to prepare an accurate, condensed and consistent final
output that communicates the expected content
Footage Recorded medium in any media
Ingest Ingest is the process of importing the relevant audio visual files and/or
images to the computer’s hard disk and uploading them to the editing
software


Modeling Modeling is the process of creating three-dimensional models for
animation using a specialised software application.
Rendering Rendering is the process of converting three-dimensional models into twodimensional images with 3D effects
Rotoscopy Rotoscopy is the process of breaking down content into individual frames,
tracing out individual images and altering content according to
requirements


Screen conversion Screen conversion is the process of conversion from 2D to 3D
Sound editing Editing of sound materials with/ without visuals
Visual effects Visual effects is the process of integrating live-action footage with
computer-generated effects


Timelines It is a basic part of editing software to view/ cut material
Sector Sector is a conglomeration of different business operations having similar
businesses and interests.

It may also be defined as a distinct subset of the
economy whose components share similar characteristics and interests.
Sub-sector Sub-sector is derived from a further breakdown based on the
characteristics and interests of its components.


Vertical Vertical may exist within a sub-sector representing different domain areas
or the client industries served by the industry.
Occupation Occupation is a set of job roles, which perform similar/related set of
functions in an industry


Function Function is an activity necessary for achieving the key purpose of the
sector, occupation, or area of work, which can be carried out by a person
or a group of persons. Functions are identified through functional analysis
and form the basis of OS.

Sub-functions Sub-functions are sub-activities essential to fulfill the achieving the
objectives of the function.
Job role Job role defines a unique set of functions that together form a unique
employment opportunity in an organization.
Occupational Standards


(OS)
OS specify the standards of performance an individual must achieve when
carrying out a function in the workplace, together with the knowledge and
understanding they need to meet that standard consistently. Occupational
Standards are applicable both in the Indian and global contexts.
Performance Criteria Performance Criteria are statements that together specify the standard of
performance required when carrying out a task


National Occupational
Standards (NOS)
NOS are Occupational Standards which apply uniquely in the Indian
context.
Qualifications Pack
Code


Qualifications Pack Code is a unique reference code that identifies a
qualifications pack.
Qualifications Pack(QP) Qualifications Pack comprises the set of OS, together with the educational,
training and other criteria required to perform a job role. A Qualifications
Pack is assigned a unique qualification pack code.

Description
NOS National Occupational Standard(s)
QP Qualifications Pack
NSQF National Skill Qualifications Framework
NVEQF National Vocational Education Qualifications Framework
NVQF National Vocational Qualifications Framework

Understand requirements and plan workflow
Description This OS unit is about understanding the post-production requirements and planning
the process and workflow
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
 Understanding requirements for post-production
 Planning the process for post-production.
 Preparing and finalising effort estimates and work plan


Performance Criteria (PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Understanding
requirements for
post-production
To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. Understand the creative and technical requirements and expectations in
terms of quality of deliverables and timelines, as necessary to the role
Planning the process
for post-production


PC2. Determine key post-production processes that would be involved to produce
the desired outcome and chart-out the process workflow, as per role
 Key processes could include computer-generated effects, colour grading,
digital intermediate, screen conversion, rendering, rotoscopy, keying,
match-moving and compositing
Preparing and
finalising effort
estimates and work
plan


PC3. Translate, or support senior personnel in translating, expectations into effort
estimates for each process
PC4. Prepare a work plan, for oneself or other team members if appropriate,
keeping in mind the impact on the production budget, timelines and technical
viability


Knowledge and Understanding (K)
A. Organizational
Context
(Knowledge of the
company /
organization and
its processes)

The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KA1. Production vision, objectives, expected output, distribution/exhibition
channels
KA2. Post-production objectives, expected outcomes and quality standards
KA3. The technical, budget and time constraints applicable
KA4. Established data management and work flow systems
KA5. How to maintain quality control as production scales


B. Technical
Knowledge
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KB1. Post-production techniques that would apply to the current production, as
per role
KB2. The relevant equipment and software required e.g. Silhouette, Nuke, Fusion,
Combustion, Shake Premier, PF track, After Effects, Renderman, Quantel,
Smoke, Flame, Avid, 3DS Max and FCP


KB3. How to translate script requirements and post-production objectives into a
schedule that could cover the workflow, key activities, deliverables and
timelines, as appropriate to the role

KB4. The implications of each activity on time, materials, equipment, manpower
and budget, as appropriate to the role
KB5. The impact of each activity on the one’s own, or the wider team’s, process
workflow


KB6. How to estimate the cost and time it would take, keeping in mind the
intended visual style
KB7. Domestic and International post-production best practices prevalent in the
industry


KB8. Applicable copyright norms and intellectual property rights
KB9. Applicable health and safety guidelines


Skills (S) (Optional)
A. Core Skills/
Generic Skills
Writing Skills

The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA1. Document post-production requirements that can serve as a reference
document for circulation to the team
SA2. Document decisions on the processes involved and techniques to be used
with reasons thereof


SA3. Document the project work-plan including the key deliverables, resources
involved and timelines, as required in the role
SA4. Document do’s and don’ts for different machines and software for reference
of the team


SA5. Document other areas (e.g. requirements of the target audience, market,
end-product, reference links and videos) that may be relevant for the team


Reading Skills
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA6. Read and understand the script and determine requirements, as per role
SA7. Read and research about emerging techniques in post-production
SA8. Read user manuals for equipment and software
SA9. Read about the tastes and preferences of the target audience and the market
where the end-product intends to be distributed


Oral Communication (Listening and Speaking skills)
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA10. Understand the creative vision of the Director and Producer, and resolve any
issues, as necessary to the role


SA11. Communicate with team members, relay instructions, collaborate and resolve
issues with members of the post-production team handling different
aspects/processes to determine the effort involved for the activities that
would need to be performed (Supervisor)

The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB1. Plan the activities, workflow, resourcing and timelines in accordance to the
creative and technical requirements


SB2. Create post-production schedules, for oneself or the wider team
SB3. Use time management techniques so that the scheduled time is not exceeded
SB4. Manage and enforce deadlines successfully–on time
SB5. Work well in a fast-paced environment


Problem Solving
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB6. Identify any issues that may arise during post-production and find solutions to
address them


Analytical Thinking
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB7. Have a keen eye for detail and maintain an aesthetic sense towards colour
grading, vfx components and software capabilities of the final output
SB8. Envision the impact of selecting a particular technique/activity on the budget,
resourcing and timelines


Critical Thinking
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB9. Appraise the quality of the raw footage gathered to ensure it is in line with the
post-production requirements and quality standards


Decision making
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB10. Manage decision on suitable course of action


Customer Centricity
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB11. check that the medium finalized/selected meets project/customer
requirements

Manage equipment & material
Description
This OS unit is about managing equipment and material throughout the postproduction process
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
 Preparing materials and equipment for the post production process
 Managing interim work-products during post-production
 Ensuring work-products are distribution/exhibition ready as per the required
technical specifications


Performance Criteria (PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Preparing materials
and equipment for
the post production
process


To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. Gather raw footage/material and select, or assist in selecting, relevant
material that can be used for post-production
PC2. Ingest, or support in ingesting, the footage and keep the material ready for
the post-production process
Managing interim
work-products during
post-production


PC3. Ensure that back-ups for interim work-products are saved in the appropriate
file formats, and take responsibility/manage others’ interim work-products as
relevant to the role
Ensuring workproducts are
distribution/exhibition
ready as per technical
specifications


PC4. Ensure, or supervise others in ensuring, that final work-products are prepared
in appropriate file formats (such as mp4, avi, wmv, mpg and mov),
appropriate mediums (such as DVD, film, tape and digital), and are
compatible with intended distribution/exhibition mediums
PC5. Clear logs/data and keep the software and equipment ready for future use


Knowledge and Understanding (K)
A. Organizational
Context
(Knowledge of the
company /
organization and
its processes)
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KA1. The purpose and intended use of the end-product
KA2. The creative and technical specifications of the work-product, including the
quality standards expected of the final output


KA3. The intended distribution/exhibition mediums for the production
KA4. Established data management and work flow systems
KA5. How to maintain quality control as production scales


B. Technical
Knowledge

The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KB1. How to work on relevant equipment and software e.g. Silhouette, Nuke,
Fusion, Combustion, Shake Premier, PF track, After Effects, Renderman,
Quantel, Smoke, Flame, Avid, 3DS Max and FCP


KB2. The format, resolution and quality in which the material would need to be
ingested, based on the intended final output
KB3. How to identify issues with the raw material/footage prior to, or during, the
ingest process


KB4. The storage media relevant to the type of production
KB5. File-naming conventions appropriate to the production
KB6. Applicable health and safety guidelines

Writing Skills
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA1. Prepare documentation to accompany the work-product


Reading Skills
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA2. Read and understand the technical specifications of equipment and software
SA3. Gather and watch raw footage/material
SA4. Gather references of work-products and productions that could provide ideas
and help conceptualise possibilities for post-production


Oral Communication (Listening and Speaking skills)
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA5. Discuss and understand requirements and specifications from the Producer
and Supervisor


SA6. Discuss any problems with the footage that could impact the post-production
process and solicit suggestions for resolving them


B. Professional Skills Plan and Organize
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB1. Plan and prioritise work according to the requirements
SB2. Manage and enforce deadlines successfully–on time
SB3. Work well in a fast-paced environment


Problem Solving
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB4. Highlight any issues (such as visual and sound) with the raw material that may
impact the post production process and take pro-active steps to resolve them
SB5. Identify and resolve commonly occurring issues in the equipment


Decision Making
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB6. Select the equipment to be used in line with the budget allocated and project
specifications and targets.


Customer Centricity
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB7. check that the equipment selected (hardware and software components)
meets project specifications and requirements


Critical Thinking
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB8. Have precise attention to all the details of systems, project specifications,
outputs of post production.


Analytical Thinking
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB9. Have a keen eye for detail and maintain an aesthetic sense towards the final
output

Composite productions
Description This OS unit is about creating the final product by merging the various layers/elements
created during post-production
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
 Gathering raw material
 Conceptualising ways to enhance the image
 Compositing all elements together using software and prepare the final
output


Performance Criteria (PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Gathering raw
material
To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. Analyse briefs, scripts, visual references, technical and production parameters
to determine what is needed
PC2. Gather the raw material/layers that need to be put together in the final
output, which could include characters, layouts, props/objects, effects and
layers


Conceptualising ways
to enhance the image
PC3. Visualise creative ways of enhancing the image (including lighting, shadows,
colours, textures, shading, exposure and additional layers)
Compositing all
elements together
using software and
prepare the final
output


PC4. Compile and merge all the layers and enhancements together and ensure
that the final work-product meets requirements and is in sync with the
creative and quality standards of the production
PC5. Ensure continuity in the final output


Knowledge and Understanding (K)
A. Organizational
Context
(Knowledge of the
company /
organization and
its processes)

The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KA1. The creative and technical specifications of the work-product, including the
quality standards expected of the final output
KA2. The roles and responsibilities of key personnel within post-production
KA3. Established data management and work flow systems
KA4. Details of the preproduction process


KA5. How to maintain quality control as production scales
KA6. How to maintain flexibility with new directors, creative requirements and
technical developments


B. Technical
Knowledge

The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KB1. The process of film-making and game-development
KB2. Principles of animation and visual effects
KB3. The fundamentals of rendering and understanding of rendering passes
KB4. The theory and principles of lighting, shadows, exposure, natural light, colour
space and reflections


KB5. Fine arts and drawing techniques
KB6. How to work on compositing software such as Nuke, Silhouette, PF track,
After Effects, Flame, Inferno, Shake and Gimp
KB7. How to work on other software such as Adobe Photoshop, Maya, 3DS Max

KB8. The impact of technology on production and post-production operations
KB9. How to select the appropriate resolution, aspect ratio and pixel ratio based
on specifications


KB10. How to test the quality of the final output
KB11. How to interpret and monitor budgets and cost aspects
KB12. The implication of the format on the quality of the end-product
KB13. Applicable health and safety guidelines


Skills (S) (Optional)
A. Core Skills/
Generic Skills
Writing Skills

The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA1. Document rendering notes and specifications including details of
enhancements to be done during compositing, for discussion and personal
use during the process


SA2. Provide documentation required for the post-production process in an
appropriate format and within the requisite timelines


Reading Skills
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA3. Interpret the script and creative brief
SA4. Keep updated on the technological developments in the industry
Oral Communication (Listening and Speaking skills)
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:


SA5. Collaborate with the members of the post-production team to understand
specific technical or creative requirements, to gather effects, and to refine
layers/elements
SA6. Discuss compositing enhancements and output requirements with the
Producer and relevant members of the post-production team
SA7. Present the final output to the Director and Producer and solicit their
feedback


SA8. Attend post production evolution sessions to ensure that the final product
conforms with the creative, technical and budgetary requirements of the
production
B. Professional Skills Plan and Organize
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB1. Produce creative solutions within the constraints of budget and resources
SB2. Plan and prioritise work according to the requirements
SB3. Manage and enforce deadlines successfully–on time


SB4. Monitor the complete production process and adjust schedules as needed
SB5. Work well in a fast-paced environment
SB6. Work effectively as a member of the team and help realise overall timelines
Problem Solving
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB7. Identify issues in the process and take necessary steps to resolve them
SB8. Address comments on the final work-product and make changes

Critical Thinking

The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SB9. Assess the raw footage to determine if it is suitable for compositing
SB10. Appraise the quality of the final output to ensure it is in line with the
expected quality standards
Analytical Thinking


SB11. Evaluate all aspects of completed projects and note the areas of
improvement
Decision making
SB12. Manage decision on suitable course of action to meet creative and technical
project requirements
Customer Centricity
SB13. check that your own work meets customer/project requirements

Maintain workplace health and safety
Description This OS unit is about contributing towards maintaining a healthy, safe and secure
working environment
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
 Understanding the health, safety and security risks prevalent in the workplace
 Knowing the people responsible for health and safety and the resources
available


 Identifying and reporting risks
 Complying with procedures in the event of an emergency
Performance Criteria (PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Understanding
the health, safety
and security risks
prevalent in the
workplace


To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. maintain one’s posture and position to minimize fatigue and any risk of
injury
PC2. maintain first aid kit and keep oneself updated on the first aid procedures
PC3. identify and document potential risks like sitting postures while using
computer, eye fatigues and other hazards at the workplace
PC4. accurately maintain accident reports


PC5. report health and safety risks/ hazards to the concerned personnel
PC6. participate in organization’s health and safety knowledge sessions and drills
Knowing the people
responsible for
health and safety
and the resources
available


PC7. identify the people responsible for health and safety at the workplace,
including those to contact in case of an emergency
PC8. identify security signals e.g. fire alarms and places such as staircases, fire
warden stations, first aid and medical rooms
Identifying and
reporting risks


PC9. identify aspects of your workplace that could cause potential risk to own
and others health and safety
PC10. ensure own personal health and safety, and that of others at the workplace
through precautionary measures


PC11. identify and recommend opportunities for improving health, safety, and
security to the designated person
PC12. report any hazards outside the individual’s authority to the relevant person
in line with organisational procedures and warn other people who may be
affected