Rita Charitable Trust

Bruter- Diamond Processing

SECTOR: GEMS & JEWELLERY
SUB-SECTOR:Diamond processing
OCCUPATION: Bruting and coning
REFERENCE ID: G&J/Q4505
ALIGNED TO: NCO-2015/NIL
Brief Job Description:The individual works with bruting machine and another
diamond or wheel (rotating in opposite direction to the diamond being bruted) or with
laser machine to give the rough diamond round and cone shapes. A bruter must be
careful while aligning the marking and setting parameter so that excess bruting does
not cause too much stone loss or sub-optimal bruting causes the girdle to disappear
at a later stage of processing. Also known as Bruter or Coner, the auto bruter provides
round girdle and cone shape to the sawed rough diamond with the help of bruting
machine/rotating wheel or laser machine.

Option 1 – Laser Bruter :
This unit is about giving the diamond its basic round and conical shape by using the
laser machine in which the doped diamond is placed on a platform, aligned and cut
using a laser beam. The objective is to ensure that a perfectly round girdle is formed
and the pavilion and crown is coned, while maximizing yield as per planned
dimensions.
Personal Attributes:
The job requires the individual to have: attention to details; good eyesight; steady
hands; ability to work in a process driven team; ability to work for long hours in sitting
position in front of a screen; high level of concentration; and a lot of patience.

Keywords /Terms Description
Sector Sector is a conglomeration of different business operations having similar
business and interests. It may also be defined as a distinct subset of the economy
whose components share similar characteristics and interests.
Sub-sector Sub-sector is derived from a further breakdown based on the characteristics and
interests of its components.
Occupation Occupation is a set of job roles, which perform similar/ related set of functions
in an industry.
Job role Job role defines a unique set of functions that together form a unique
employment opportunity in an organisation.
Occupational Standards
(OS)
OS specify the standards of performance an individual must achieve when
carrying out a function in the workplace, together with the knowledge and
understanding they need to meet that standard consistently. Occupational
Standards are applicable both in the Indian and global contexts.
Performance Criteria Performance criteria are statements that together specify the standard of
performance required when carrying out a task.
National Occupational
Standards (OS)
NOS are occupational standards which apply uniquely in the Indian context.
Qualifications Pack (QP) QP comprises the set of OS, together with the educational, training and other
criteria required to perform a job role. A QP is assigned a unique qualifications
pack code.
Unit Code Unit code is a unique identifier for an Occupational Standard, which is denoted
by an ‘N’
Unit Title Unit title gives a clear overall statement about what the incumbent should be
able to do.
Description Description gives a short summary of the unit content. This would be helpful to
anyone searching on a database to verify that this is the appropriate OS they are
looking for.
Scope Scope is a set of statements specifying the range of variables that an individual
may have to deal with in carrying out the function which have a critical impact
on quality of performance required.
Knowledge and
Understanding
Knowledge and understanding are statements which together specify the
technical, generic, professional and organisational specific knowledge that an
individual needs in order to perform to the required standard.
Organisational Context Organisational context includes the way the organisation is structured and how
it operates, including the extent of operative knowledge managers have of their
relevant areas of responsibility.
Technical Knowledge Technical knowledge is the specific knowledge needed to accomplish specific
designated responsibilities.
Core Skills/ Generic
Skills
Core skills or generic skills are a group of skills that are the key to learning and
working in today’s world. These skills are typically needed in any work
environment in today’s world. In the context of the OS, these include
communication related skills that are applicable to most job roles

Keywords /Terms Description
NOS National Occupational Standard(s)
NSQF National Skills Qualifications Framework
QP Qualifications Pack

Unit Code G&J/N4501
Unit Title
(Task) Fix the diamond for bruting
Description This OS unit is about fixing sawed rough diamond in the pot with accurate alignment
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
Setting rough in the holder
Maintaining productivity
Controlling defects
Reporting problems to reporting authority
Performance Criteria(PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Setting rough in the
holder
To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. compare the specifications of the roughs such as shape, size and quantity, as
per those mentioned on the rough diamond packet issued by supervisor
PC2. select the correct dop for the size of the rough to be bruted
PC3. fix rough as per the bruting required using adhesive either prescribed by
company or recommended by machine manufacturer,with accuracy
PC4. to align and level the rough on the dop accurately
Maintaining
productivity
PC5. achieve the productivity in terms of carats or number of pieces as set by the
company
PC6. ensure delivery for further processing is not delayed
Controlling defects PC7. ensure no damage to the rough during fixing process
Reporting problems
to reporting
authority
PC8. report mismatch in rough issued and received
PC9. report unclear marking and report
PC10. report defective or inadequate number of dops/ pots
PC11. report inadequate quantity of consumable such as adhesives
PC12. report machine break down or wear and tear of tools, etc.
Knowledge and Understanding (K)
A. Organizational
Context
The individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KA1. Company’s policies on: acceptable limits of weight loss; incentives; delivery
standards; safety practices and hazards; security and performance
measurement
KA2. Non–disclosure of “confidential information” provided by the company either
orally or in writing marked as confidential
KA3. Liability arising out of loss, theft, or inadvertent disclosure of confidential
information
KA4. Work flow involved in company’s diamond processing process
KA5. Importance of the individual’s role in the workflow
KA6. Reporting structure
KA7. Issue return procedures followed by the company

B. Technical
Knowledge
KB1. Shape, cut, clarity, carat, and physical characteristics of the diamond to be
fixed
KB2. Accurate fixing of roughs on dope or holder as per planned brut
KB3. Heat sensitivity of different types of adhesives such as temperature, duration
KB4. Potential work hazards
KB5. Use of magnifying camera with screen or an eye glass in order to check
alignment
Skills (S) [Optional]
A. Core Skills/
Generic Skills
Writing Skills
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how:
SA1. To document work done for status and performance appraisal
Reading Skills
SA2. To read descriptions on the diamond packets/ bags
Oral Communication (Listening and Speaking skills)
SA3. To discuss task, schedules, and work-loads with co-workers and supervisors
SA4. To understand instructions and report problems
B. Professional Skills Decision Making
SB1. Select correct dop as per size of rough diamond and marking.
SB2. The rough needs to be fixed for a particular bruting and coning requirement
Plan and Organize
SB3. To work in a safe environment, i.e., without injuries
SB4. To minimize damage or loss of any diamond during the doping process
SB5. To handle diamonds with care
Customer Centricity
N.A.
Problem Solving
SB6. To identify the factors such as quality of the glue/white cement, tools and
machines used, that contribute to the fixing of roughs
SB7. To identify immediate or temporary solutions to avoid delays
Analytical Thinking
SB8. To plan the work to improve productivity and quality of setting the rough
Critical Thinking
SB9. To spot process disruptions and delays

Unit Code G&J/N4503
Unit Title
(Task) Brute and cone the diamond with bruting Machine
Description This OS unit is about giving the basic round and conical shape to the rough diamond in
the proportion and symmetry as per the planning or the objective fixed by the
company
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
Operating the bruting/coning machine
Maintaingn quality of bruting
Ensuring productivity
Controlling defects
Multitasking
Performance Criteria(PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Operating the
bruting/coning
machine
To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. ensure the dop is placed in the machine holder with precission
PC2. align the bruting line with the marking of the diamond with accurately to
achieve proper cut
PC3. enter the parameters, such as dimensions in the computer
PC4. ensure the angle of the diamond or the wheel for coning process is precisely
done
PC5. steady control of the lever for the to- and-fro bruting and coning process
Maintaining quality
of bruting
PC6. create a perfectly round girdle
PC7. carry out bruting and coning of the roughs as prescribed
PC8. label and bag the bruted diamonds before returning
Ensuring productivity PC9. aschieve the productivity in terms of carats or number of pieces as set by the
company
PC10. achieve timely delivery for further processing
PC11. maintain cycle time
Controlling defects PC12. ensure diamond is not damaged while girdle marking
PC13. minimize damage, weight loss and breakage
PC14. repair a damaged stone
Multitasking PC15. work on variety of bruting and coning machines using a different technology

A. Organizational
Context
The individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KA1. Company’s policies on: acceptable limits of weight loss; incentives; delivery
standards; safety practices and hazards; security and performance
measurement
KA2. Non–disclosure of “confidential information” provided by the company either
orally or in writing marked as confidential
KA3. Liability arising out of loss, theft, or inadvertent disclosure of confidential
information
KA4. Work flow involved in company’s diamond processing process
KA5. Importance of the individual’s role in the workflow
KA6. Reporting structure
KA7. Issue return procedures followed by the company
KA8. Typical customer profile and market trends
KA9. Specialization area of the company (size, clarity, shape, quality, etc. of
diamonds)
KA10. Diamond processing objective of the company, e.g. maximizing yield,
maximizing clarity, etc.
B. Technical
Knowledge
KB1. Bruting and coning methods
KB2. Shape, cut, clarity, carat, and physical characteristics of the diamond
KB3. Alignments for different bruting and coning of a diamond
KB4. Potential steps which may cause damage to a diamond
KB5. Potential work hazards, particularly, when using bruting machine
KB6. Operating computer and bruting and coning machine
KB7. Using the marking machine
KB8. Polishing process
KB9. Use of various scopes in diamond processing
KB10. Geometry to understand the angles and symmetry
KB11. Repair work
KB12. Uses of different types of tools and materials for different purposes
KB13. Maintenance and preparation of tools as per job requirement
Skills (S) [Optional]
A. Core Skills/
Generic Skills
Writing Skills
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how:
SA1. To enter data on the computer
SA2. To document work done for status and performance appraisal
Reading Skills
SA3. To read descriptions on the job packets/ bags
Oral Communication (Listening and Speaking skills)
SA4. To discuss task, schedules, and work-loads with co-workers and supervisor’s
SA5. To understand instructions and report problems

SB1. To decide for a particular rough, if girdling is possible on the marking provided
SB2. To determine from where to begin bruting in order to minimize weight loss
SB3. To handle diamonds with care
Plan and Organize
SB4. To plan work for maximum productivity
Customer Centricity
N.A.
Problem Solving
SB5. To rectify defects occurred
Analytical Thinking
SB6. To minimize damage or loss of any diamond during the bruting process
SB7. To suggest improvements in order to reduce loss
SB8. To brut in order to yield maximum value for the finished diamond, where no
design is provided
Critical Thinking
SB9. To spot process disruptions and delays

Unit Code G&J/N9901
Unit Title
(Task) Coordinate with others
Description This OS unit is about communicating with colleagues, seniors and outside parties in
order to achieve the deliverables on schedule
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
Interacting with supervisor
Interacting with colleagues within and outside the department
Interacting with outside parties
Performance Criteria(PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Interacting with
supervisor
To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. coordinate for receiving work instructions and raw materials from reporting
supervisor
PC2. communicate to the reporting supervisor about process flow improvements,
product defects received from previous process, repairs and maintenance of
tools and machinery as required
PC3. communicate to reporting supervisor about operation details and hazards
PC4. interact with supervisor regarding compliance of company policy and rules
Interacting with
colleagues within and
outside the
department
PC5. coordinate with colleagues to share work, as per the workload
PC6. communicate and discuss work flow related difficulties in order to find
solutions with mutual agreement
PC7. coordinate and receive feedback from quality control department
PC8. coordinate for putting team goals over individual goals
PC9. resolve conflicts by communicating with colleagues and other departments
PC10. coordinate with colleagues regarding multitasking in other departments with
requirements
Interacting with
outside parties
PC11. adhere to nondisclosure policy of the company in all outside coordination
Knowledge and Understanding (K)
A. Organizational
Context
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KA1. Company’s policies on: preferred language of communication, reporting and
escalation policy, quality delivery standards, and personnel management
KA2. Company’s policies on non-disclosure of “confidential information” provided
by the company either orally or in writing marked as confidential
KA3. Liability arising out of loss, theft, or inadvertent disclosure of confidential
information
KA4. Reporting structure

B. Technical
Knowledge
KB1. Various categories of people that one is required to communicate and
coordinate within the organization
KB2. Importance of effective communication in the workplace
KB3. Importance of teamwork in organization and individual success
KB4. Various components of effective communication
KB5. Key elements of active listening
KB6. Barriers to effective communication
KB7. Importance of avoiding casual expletives and unpleasant terms while
communicating professional circles
KB8. Common reasons for interpersonal conflict
KB9. Expressing and addressing grievances appropriately and effectively
KB10. What constitutes disciplined behavior for a working professional
Skills (S) [Optional]
A. Core Skills/
Generic Skills
Writing Skills
The user/ individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
SA1. Write instructions, remarks, job sheets, basic information, technical details
etc. in preferred local language of communication and English
Reading Skills
SA2. Read preferred language of communication as prescribed by the company
SA3. Read job sheets and interpret technical details mentioned in the job sheet
Oral Communication (Listening and Speaking skills)
SA4. Discuss task lists, schedules, and work-loads with co-workers
SA5. Be a good listener
SA6. Be effective in communicating the issues faced to the supervisor
SA7. Avoid using jargon, slang or acronyms when communicating
B. Professional Skills Decision Making
SB1. Spot and communicate potential areas of disruptions to work process and
report the same
SB2. Report to supervisor and or to deal with a colleague individually, depending
on the type of concern
Plan and Organize
SB3. Collate information and communicate in a manner that is clear and
comprehensive to colleagues and supervisor
Customer Centricity
SB4. Convey accurate information to all internal as well as external customers (or
right information to right person)

Problem Solving
SB5. How to handle critical situations caused due to communication issues at
workplace and solve problems without blaming others
Analytical Thinking
SB6. Analyse the work processes by interacting with others and adopting best
practices
SB7. Use prior experience to observe and reflect for development of ideas
Critical Thinking
SB8. Think through the problem, evaluate the possible solution(s) and suggest an
optimum /best possible solution(s)
SB9. Deal with clients lacking the technical background to solve the problem on
their own
SB10. Spot process disruptions and delays and report and communicate with
solutions
SB11. Identify immediate or temporary solutions to resolve delays
SB12. Apply, analyze, and evaluate the information gathered from observation,
experience, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to thought and action

Unit Code G&J/N9902
Unit Title
(Task) Maintain health and safety at workplace
Description This OS unit is about being aware of, communicating and taking steps towards
minimizing potential hazards and dangers of accidents on the job and maintaining
health and safety
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
Health and safety in work area
Fire safety
Emergencies, rescue and first aid procedures
Performance Criteria(PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Health and safety in
work area
To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. identify and use appropriate protective clothing/equipment for specific tasks
and work
PC2. identify hazardous job activities in his/her job and communicate the possible
causes of risks or accidents in the workplace
PC3. carry out safe working practices while dealing with hazards to ensure safety
of self and others
PC4. identify and avoid doing any tasks or activities in a bad working position
PC5. practice appropriate working postures to minimise occupational health
related issues
Fire safety PC6. use the appropriate fire extinguishers on different types of fire
PC7. demonstrate rescue techniques applied during fire hazard
PC8. demonstrate good housekeeping in order to prevent fire hazards
PC9. demonstrate the correct use of any fire extinguisher
Emergencies, rescue
and first aid
procedures
PC10. administer appropriate first aid procedure to victims wherever required eg.in
case of bleeding, burns, choking, electric shock etc.
PC11. respond promptly and appropriately to an accident situation or medical
emergency
PC12. participate in emergency procedures such as raising alarm, safe evacuation,
correct means of escape, correct assembly point etc.
Knowledge and Understanding (K)
A. Organizational
Context
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KA1. Company’s policies on: safety and hazards and personnel management
KA2. Names and location of documents that refer to health and safety in work
place
KA3. Reporting structure

B. Technical
Knowledge
KB1. Meaning of “hazard’s” and risks
KB2. Health and safety hazards commonly present in the work place and related
precautions
KB3. Various dangers associate with use of electrical equipment
KB4. Preventative and remedial actions to be taken in case of exposure to toxic
material
KB5. Methods of accident prevention
KB6. How different chemicals react and what could be the danger from them
KB7. How to use machines and tools without suffering bodily harm
KB8. Importance of using protective clothing/ equipment while working
KB9. Precautionary activities to prevent the fire accident
KB10. Various causes of fire
KB11. Techniques of using different fire extinguishers
KB12. Different material s materials used for extinguishing fire
KB13. Rescue techniques applied during a fire hazard
KB14. Various types of safety signs and what they mean
KB15. Appropriate basic first aid treatment relevant to condition e.g. bleeding minor
burns eye injuries
KB16. Potential impact to a person who is moved incorrectly
Skills (S) [Optional]
A. Core Skills/
Generic Skills
Writing Skills
The individual on the job needs to know and understand how to:
N.A.
Reading Skills
SA1. Read and comprehend basic content to read labels, charts, signage’s
SA2. Read and comprehend basic English to read manuals of operations
Oral Communication (Listening and Speaking skills)
SA3. Effectively communicate the risk
B. Professional Skills Decision Making
SB1. Report potential sources of danger
SB2. Follow the relevant prescribed procedure in the event of an accident
SB3. Wear appropriate safety gear to avoid an accident
Plan and Organize
SB4. Learn from past mistakes regarding use of hazardous machines or chemicals

Problem Solving
SB5. Adhere to and guide others to follow prescribed procedures related to health
and safety
Analytical Thinking
SB6. Analyse untoward incidents from the past and implement correct use of
machines, tools or hazardous chemicals
Critical Thinking
SB7. Critically analyse the processes carried out by self and by colleagues in the
department to spot potential hazards and safety issues

Unit Code G&J/N4504
Unit Title
(Task) Brute and cone the diamond with laser machine
Description This OS unit is about giving the basic round and conical shape to the rough
diamond in the proportion and symmetry as per the planning or the objective
fixed by the company.
Scope This unit/task covers the following:
Operating the laser coning machine
Maintaining the quality of bruting
Ensuring productivity
Controlling defects
Following safety procedures at work
Performance Criteria(PC) w.r.t. the Scope
Element Performance Criteria
Operating the laser coning
machine
To be competent, the user/individual on the job must be able to:
PC1. calibrate laser bruting machine using calibration pot
PC2. to ensure the dop is placed with the machine holders with accurately
PC3. to ensure the dimensions of the roughare properly reflected in the
computer program
PC4. to be able to align the diameter, table and girdle marking of the diamond
with the help of computer screen
PC5. to monitor the process on screen while machine does bruting
PC6. check the bruted diamond for the given specifications
Maintaining the quality of
bruting
PC7. create a perfectly round girdle
PC8. carry out bruting and coning of the roughs as per requirement
PC9. label and bag the bruted diamonds before returning
Ensuring productivity PC10. achieve the productivity in terms of carats or number of pieces as set by
the company
PC11. achieve timely delivery for further processing
PC12. maintain cycle time
Controlling defects PC13. to ensure, diamond is not damaged while girdle marking
PC14. minimize damage, weight loss and breakage
PC15. repair a damaged stone
Following safety
procedures at work
PC16. ensure that the door of the laser machine is closed before starting the
machine
PC17. follow exact machine operating procedures provided by manufacturer
while performing bruting operations
PC18. wear proper safety equipment such as eye glasses while working

Knowledge and Understanding (K)
A. Organizational
Context
The individual on the job needs to know and understand:
KA1. Company’s policies on: acceptable limits of weight loss; incentives;
delivery standards; safety practices and hazards; security and
performance measurement
KA2. Non–disclosure of “confidential information” provided by the company
either orally or in writing marked as confidential
KA3. Liability arising out of loss, theft, or inadvertent disclosure of confidential
information
KA4. Work flow involved in company’s diamond processing process
KA5. Importance of the individual’s role in the workflow
KA6. Reporting structure
KA7. Issue return procedures followed by the company
KA8. Typical customer profile and market trends
KA9. Specialization area of the company (size, clarity, shape, quality, etc. of
diamonds)
KA10. Diamond processing objective of the company, e.g. maximizing yield,
maximizing clarity, etc.
B. Technical
Knowledge
KB1. Bruting and coning methods
KB2. Shape, cut, clarity, carat, and physical characteristics of the diamond
KB3. Alignments for different bruting and coning of a diamond
KB4. Potential steps which may cause damage to a diamond
KB5. Potential work hazards, particularly, when using bruting machine
KB6. Operating computer and bruting and coning machine
KB7. Using the marking machine
KB8. Polishing process
KB9. Use of various scopes in diamond processing
KB10. Geometry to understand the angles and symmetry
KB11. Repair work
KB12. Uses of different types of tools and materials for different purposes
KB13. Maintenance and preparation of tools as per job requirement
KB14. Heat requirements such temperature, duration for different adhesives
KB15. Potential work hazards
KB16. Use of magnifying camera with screen or an eye glass in order to check
alignment

Skills (S) [Optional]
A. Core Skills/ Generic
Skills
Writing Skills
The user/individual on the job needs to know and understand how:
SA1. To enter data on the computer
SA2. To document work done for status and performance appraisal

Reading Skills
SA3. To read descriptions on the job packets/ bags
SA4. To read manual and work instruction related to operations of laser
bruting machine
Oral Communication (Listening and Speaking skills)
SA5. To discuss task, schedules, and work-loads with co-workers and
supervisors
SA6. To understand instructions and report problems
B. Professional
Skills
Decision Making
SB1. To decide for a particular rough, if girdling is possible on the marking
provided
SB2. To determine from where to begin bruting in order to minimize weight
loss
Plan and Organize
SB3. To plan work for maximum productivity
Customer Centricity
N.A.
Problem Solving
SB4. To rectify defects occurred
Analytical Thinking
SB5. To minimize damage or loss of any diamond during the bruting process
SB6. To suggest improvements in order to reduce loss
SB7. To brut in order to yield maximum value for the finished diamond, where
no design is provided
Critical Thinking
SB8. To spot process disruptions and delays

Criteria For Assessment Of Trainees

Job Role Bruter – Diamond Processing
Qualification Pack G&J/Q4505
Sector Skill Council Gem & Jewellery
Guidelines for Assessment

  1. Criteria for assessment for each Qualification Pack will be created by the Sector Skill Council. Each Performance
    Criteria (PC) will be assigned marks proportional to its importance in NOS. SSC will also lay down proportion of
    marks for Theory and Skills Practical for each PC.
  2. The assessment for the theory part will be based on knowledge bank of questions created by the SSC.
  3. Assessment will be conducted for all compulsory NOS, and where applicable, on the selected elective/option
    NOS/set of NOS.
  4. Individual assessment agencies will create unique question papers for theory part for each candidate at each
    examination/training center (as per assessment criteria below).
  5. Individual assessment agencies will create unique evaluations for skill practical for every student at each
    examination/training center based on this criterion.
  6. To pass the Qualification Pack , every trainee should score a minimum of 50% of aggregate marks to successfully
    clear the assessment.
  7. In case of unsuccessful completion, the trainee may seek reassessment on the Qualification Pack